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International Log & Sawnwood Prices

01 – 15th Oct  2021



  Slowdown in orders for okoume
No major price movements have been reported. Producers
say overall demand is stable but still production is being
disrupted by the continual rain. This is also making it
difficult to keep the roads in good condition and there
have been cases of delays in deliveries to mills.

There have been indications of a slowdown in orders for
okoume for the Chinese market which is perhaps a relief
as securing containers for export shipments is a challenge.

Demand in Middle East markets is firm but shipment is a
problem because of container availability.

Producers say demand in the main EU markets is stable.
Buyers for the Belgium market have returned for padouk
scantlings and flooring strips. The recent issue of
oversupply of azobe for the Netherlands market has faded
and purchases are back to normal.

There has been a buzz among producers that the French
government aims to boost housing construction which
could result in rising demand for West African timbers. In
related news ATIBT has launched a website promoting a
range of West African timbers.


Preparations for launch of ‘Stminef’ Gabon’s tracking

In Gabon around 200 personnel have been trained in the
computerised timber traceability system of the Ministry of
Forests called “Stminef”. The training is in advance of the
launch of the traceability system in 2022.

An article in ‘lenouveaugabon’ says “It (Stminef) will also
make it possible to control national forest production,
reduce the loss of wood resources, curb corruption in the
sector and forest crime, improve the contribution of the
forestry sector to the gross domestic product, optimise
forestry taxation, and monitor statistics”.

‘Tracer’ recognised as supporting EU due diligence

The Tracer-Nkok, a certification and traceability system
for logs arriving at Gabon’s Special Economic Zone (SEZ)
at Nkok is, according to the management of the GSEZ,
recognised by the European Union as a system in support
of the Due Diligence requirements of the European Union
Timber Regulation (EUTR).


Gabon is participating in Expo Dubai 2020 and promoting
the public-private partnership the Nkok Special Economic
Zone. This SEZ is responsible for around 40% of the
country's exports of which wood products are a major part.


   Unseasonal rains hamper timber harvesting
Heavy rain far in excess of usual for the short rain season
has caused floods, disrupted timber harvesting and
seriously affected business operations. A statement on the
Ghana Meteorological Agency website warned of a likely
early start and heavy rainfalls around the short rain season
from September this year.

The heavy rain has made trucking difficult but most mills
say they have adequate log stocks to meet current orders.
Overall, demand in overseas markets is said to be firm and
prices are stable.


Business confidence trending lower
A survey by the Bank of Ghana (BoG) that assesses
sentiment among local business owners has, for the fourth
consecutive time this year, shown a dwindling level of
confidence. The data cited economic challenges which
have contributed to increased cost of production, created
some raw material shortages along with weak consumer
demand as the underlying reasons.

Data from the BoG Economic and Financial report for
September 2021 suggested that business confidence has
consistently declined from a 100% baseline to 97.9% in
February, 96.9% in April, 96.3% in June and 93.2% in
August 2021.

The Governor of BoG, Dr. Ernest Addion, made this
known at a press briefing of the Monetary Policy
Committee (MPC) meeting. He indicated the survey
results revealed the inability of businesses to meet their
short-term company targets because of high input costs,
unavailability of raw materials, weak consumer demand
and rising labour costs.Wood processors in the
manufacturing sector face the same challenges.

However, the recent TIDD report showed that timber and
wood exports volume and value for the half-year period
January to June 2021, registered increases of 61% and
58% respectively over same period in 2020 but are yet to
match 2019 levels.


New Ghana-UK trade agreement operational
Ghana’s new Interim Trade Partnership Agreement with
the United Kingdom came into effect on 1 October 2021.
The Agreement reaffirms the interests of Ghana and the
UK to strengthen their longstanding trade and economic
relationship by ensuring tariff-free trade transactions in
both markets.

The agreement, which also establishes a new framework
for Ghana-UK collaboration, will contribute to sustained
economic growth in Ghana according to the Minister of
Trade and Industries, Alan Kyerematen.

The UK is one of Ghana’s wood top markets in Europe
and imports sawnwood, mouldings and briquettes from

Forecast 4.9% GDP growth
The World Bank has revised Ghana’s projected GDP
growth to 4.9% in its latest ‘Africa Pulse Report’ for
October 2021 from the earlier forecast of 1.4%. The Bank
has also forecast a 5.5% expansion in the economy in 2022
as exports are expected to grow.

The Bank report says “Ghana was not immune to rising
COVID-19 infections in July 2021. The measures used to
contain the spread of the pandemic thwarted the recovery
in mid-2021 as business activity slowed.

However, the country has managed to keep the virus from
spreading and provided adequate support to affected
households. The country benefited largely from a good
performance in the first half of the year on the back of
higher demand for its exports, particularly in the
agriculture and industrial sectors”.

Ghana’s forestry sector is a significant foreign exchange
earner but contributes less than 10% to GDP.




   Some travel restrictions lifted
As of mid-October 65% of Malaysians were fully
vaccinated and 75% had one dose. Of the adult population
90% are fully vaccinated and 95% have at least one dose.
However, new daily infections are still over 7,000 but
have dropped sharply in the past three months. Interstate
travel for fully vaccinated adults is allowed and
Malaysians are also permitted to travel overseas. October
marks the first time since January that interstate travel will
be possible without police permission.

Malaysian Criteria and Indicators for SFM updated
The Malaysian Timber Certification Council (MTCC) has
released an updated version of the Malaysian Criteria and
Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management (MC&I)
SFM. This is the certification standard for sustainable
management of natural forest and forest plantation under
the Malaysian Timber Certification Scheme (MTCS).

In order to ensure that MTCS standards fulfil the
conditions for PEFC endorsement, minor amendments
were made to the MC&I SFM (MTCS ST 1002:2021) and
the Group Forest Management Certification Standard
(MTCS ST 1003:2021). The amendments were deliberated
and agreed by the Standards Review Committee.
Subsequently, both standards were approved by the
MTCC Board of Trustees and came into effect.


In related news, the Malaysian Timber Certification
Council (MTCC) explained that the implementation of
sustainable development for the timber industry will be an
important narrative for visitors and trade delegations to the
Malaysia Pavilion at the Expo 2020 Dubai. MTCC
Officer-in-Charge, Siti Syaliza Mustapha, said sustainable
forest management has been practiced in Malaysia for a
long time and the materials used in the pavilion are
certified under the Malaysian Timber Certification
Scheme (MTCS) which provides assurance that the
materials are from sustainably managed forests.


Association initiative on LCA
The Malaysian Wood Industries Association (MWIA) will
undertake Life Cycle Assessments for some Malaysian
wood products. The Star newspaper has quoted MWIA
president, Goh Chee Yew, as saying “the Association is
constantly involved in product development with local
experts such as Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
and the Forestry Department on products that can increase
and maximise the optimal consumption and adding more
value for local timber, which is where LCA comes into
play in the move towards zero waste and the circular



  Forestry sector performance improving
The Secretary General of the Ministry of Environment and
Forestry, Bambang Hendroyono, has indicated that from
the beginning of July 2020 the performance of the forestry
sector has been improving. The timber sector plays an
important role in the economy as it is a major employer in
upstream and downstream sectors in Indonesia.

Bambang said the government's initiatives and support for
the sector helped alleviate the worst effects of the covid
control measures on output and support employment. The
government has reported that growth in the agriculture,
forestry and fisheries sectors recorded by Statistics
Indonesia grew around 13% in second quarter of this year.

The increased performance of forestry sector included
production logs from natural and plantation forests in the
first and second quarters of 2021 amounting to 25.6 mil.
cubic metres, an increase of about 6% compared to the
first and second quarters of 2020.

Processed wood production in the first and second quarters
of 2021 totalled 23,285,433 cubic metres, an increase of
almost 2.5% compared to the same period in 2020.

The production of Non-Timber Forest Products in the first
and second quarters was 192,269 tonnes, an increase of
48% compared to the first and second quarters of 2020.
The export value in the first and second quarters was
around US$7.5 billion, an increase of 40% compared to
the same period in 2020.


In related news Indonesian Forest Entrepreneurs
Association (APHI) noted that in the first nine months of
this year exports by downstream product manufacturers
increased 28% despite the challenges from rising shipping

Paper product exports recorded the highest value at
US$2.8 billion followed by pulp at US$2.1 billion, panels
at US$2.1 billion and wooden furniture at US$2.1 billion.


The Director of Forest and Plantation Products in the
Ministry of Industry, Emil Satria, is confident on the
growth of furniture exports as this sector has proven to be
resilient despite the pandemic.

The Ministry of Industry noted that in the first eight
months of this year furniture exports (HS code 9401-9403)
reached US$1.61 billion, a 36% rise from the same perios
in 2020. Data was not provided on how the 2021 exports
compare to those in 2019 before the pandemic.


SMEs to get help upgrading machinery
The Acting Director General of Small and Medium Scale
Industry in the Ministry of Industry, Reni Yanita, said the
ministry is working to upgrade the machinery used by
small and medium-scale furniture industries to improve
productivity as well as quality so as to create export
opportunities for these industries.

The Ministry plans to partly reimburse SMEs that buy
machinery during the period of the plan. The ministry will
provide 25% for imported machine and 40% for locallymade


Breakbulk cargo shipments
The Deputy Minister of Environment and Forestry, Alue
Dohong in a meeting with the media, reported that a
private company exported plywood and blockboard to
United States using breakbulk shipping.

The press reported Alue as saying "It turns out that the use
of breakbulk is more efficient and 50% cheaper than
shipment using containers." The Deputy Minister urged
other companies to explore this shipping option.

In related news, the Chairman of the Indonesian Furniture
and Craft Industry Association (HIMKI), Abdul Sobur,
responded to the suggestion by the Minister of Trade that
furniture exporters should utilise air freight when shipping
containers are not available.

Sobur said Indonesian furniture products were mostly
large sized and as such not all types of furniture can be
shipped profitably by air. Since the end of last year, the
furniture industry has been suffering increased shipping
costs especially for transcontinental shipments.



A commitment to sustainable trade
In a press release the government reaffirmed its
commitment to supporting and implementing a sustainable
trade by signing a memorandum of understanding with the
Global Initiative Report through the launch of a
'Sustainability Reporting for Responsible Business in

The Director General of National Exporst in the Ministry
of Trade, Didi Sumedi, said Indonesia has shown a
commitment to sustainable trade. One of which is for the
sustainable trade in wood products through the timber
legality verification system (SVLK) which is recognised in

The collaboration with the Global Initiative Report is
expected to help SMEs improve their understanding of
sustainability aspects in their business processes.



  Declining timber exports
According to data released by the Ministry of Commerce
timber exports are declining. The value of timber exports
reached at US$175 million in 2018-19, US$154 million in
2019-20 and US$116 million for the 11 months of 2020-
Verification o

f legality is one of the major causes of the
decline followed by the effect of pandemic control
measures and political developments. Timber exports were
stalled for the three months of April, May and June 2021
as a result of a review of export regulation by the new
administration. Then the US and EU imposed restrictions
on trade handled by the Myanma Timber Enterprise
(MTE), the state-owned enterprise responsible for
suppling of log to mills in the country.

Since MTE is sole organisation to supply the logs to mills
the trade restrictions are having a serious impact on the
timber industry.

Exchange rate nose dives
Myanmar's currency, the kyat, is at an all-time low.
Against the US dollar the Kyat was trading at 1,395 in
February, it dropped to 1,695 in September and in mid-
October stood at 2,700 to the dollar. The depreciation will
make it hard for the administration revive the country's

Manufacturing sector attracts most investment
The Directorate of Investment and Company
Administration has reported that the majority of foreign
enterprises investing in Myanmar in the last financial year
2020-2021 opted for the manufacturing sector and
invested around US$290 million in 27 projects.

Manufacturing enterprises create jobs so are prioritised
according to the Myanmar Investment Commission.
Currently, labour intensive businesses are facing very
challenging conditions due to the pandemic and the
political situation.


  Rising raw material costs for timber industry yet to
impact wholesale indices

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has reported the
official Wholesale Price Index for ‘All Commodities’
(Base: 2011-12=100) for August 2021 increased to 135
from 132 in July 2020.

The index for manufactured products which accounts for
almost 65% of the overall index, increased to 133.0 in
August 2021 from 132.0 for July 2021. Out of the 22
groups of manufactured products, 14 saw increased prices;
6 groups witnessed a decline and for two groups the prices
remained unchanged in August 2021 as compared to July

The increase in prices was mainly contributed by the
manufacture of basic metals; food products; chemicals and
chemical products; electrical equipment and textiles. The
recent rise in costs of raw materials for the wood
processing industry is expected to appear in the September
and October indices.

The press release from the Ministry of Commerce and Industry
can be found at:

The press release from the Ministry of Commerce and Industry
can be found at:

Firm signs of economic recovery
In its report on the economy for September the Ministry
Finance said India’s economy has started to strengthen as
the second wave of infections ebbed. Citing a rise in
industrial output and modest inflation India on a path to
recovery. Sustained agriculture output, the rebound in
manufacturing and resumption of services are all positive
indicators. In parallel to growth signals bank credit growth
improved in September.


Home buyer confidence to lift housing growth
There was firm growth in the Indian residential and
commercial property sectors in the third quarter of this
year as the country slowly began to return to normal due to
the efficient vaccination programme. Record-low home
loan interest rates and other benefits offered by real estate
companies helped lift demand after the decline in the
second quarter.

Looking ahead, Kailash Babar writing in the Economic
Times of India, says the real estate sector could see
sustained growth in the coming quarters on the back of
renewed buyer confidence.


Teak logs and sawnwood
Freight rates for logs and sawnwood are showing no signs
of easing. Importers are saying that in some cases the cost
of feight per unit volume is higher than the cost of the

Plywood production costs rising
Despite the recent increase in plywood prices plywood
manufacturers are struggling with rising production costs.
The high cost of credit, slack order flow and increased
prices for raw materials including logs and veneer,
formaldehyde, preservatives, phenol and shuttering base
paper are challenging the sector.

Poplar log prices have jumped around 25% in a few
months driven higher by the drop in harvesting as workers
had to stay home.



  USTR agreement to resolve timber investigation
Through a press release quoted below the United States
Trade Representative, Katherine Tai, announced an
agreement with Vietnam that addresses U.S. concerns in
the Vietnam Timber Section 301 investigation. This is the
first 301 investigation to address environmental concerns.

“The Agreement secures commitments that will help keep
illegally harvested or traded timber out of the supply chain
and protect the environment and natural
resources. Ambassador Tai determined that the
Agreement provides a satisfactory resolution of the matter
subject to investigation and that no trade action is
warranted at this time.

Going forward, the Office of the U.S. Trade
Representative (USTR) will monitor Vietnam’s
implementation of the Agreement.

“I commend Vietnam for its commitment to address our
concerns regarding the importation and use of timber that
is illegally harvested or traded,” said Ambassador
Katherine Tai.

“With this Agreement, Vietnam will provide a model –
both for the Indo-Pacific region and globally – for
comprehensive enforcement against illegal timber. USTR
looks forward to working with Vietnam to deepen
collaboration and information exchange, including through
a newly created Timber Working Group.”

The Agreement contains multiple commitments by
Vietnam on issues related to illegal timber, including
commitments to improve its Timber Legality Assurance
System; keep confiscated timber (i.e., timber seized for
violating domestic or international law) out of the
commercial supply chain; verify the legality of
domestically harvested timber regardless of export
destination; and work with high-risk source countries to
improve customs enforcement at the border and law
enforcement collaboration.

“Illegal timber in the supply chain damages the global
environment and the natural resources on which we all
depend, and is unfair to U.S. workers and businesses who
avoid such timber,” added Ambassador Tai.

“USTR’s first use of Section 301 in this investigation
shows the strength of using this tool to address concerns
regarding environmental risks or the enforcement of
environmental laws.”

The USTR investigation was initiated in October 2020
under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974. The full text
of the Agreement is available here. The Federal Register
notice summarizing the Trade Representative’s
determination provides additional background”.


Vietnam’s wood products trade highlights
Vietnam’s W&WP exports to Japan in September 2021
were valued at US$90 million, down 17% compared to
September 2020. In the first 9 months of 2021 the exports
of W&WP to Japan totaled at US$1.02 billion showing an
increase of 10% over the same period in 2020.

However, due to the Covid-19 fourth outbreak, W&WP
export to Japan declined beginning in August. W&WP
exports to Japan are expected to recover in the last quarter
of 2021 as the Government eases social distancing and
lockdowns allowing the resumption of production.

Wooden furniture exports have grown an average 17% per
year since 2016. In the first 8 months of 2021 the
accumulated export earnings from wooden furniture
exports reached US$7.25 billion, an increase by 48% over
the same period in 2020.

Softwood wood imports into Vietnam in September 2021
were estimated at 123,900 cu.m, worth US$32.8 million
up 4.4% in volume and 2% in value compared to August
2021. Compared to September 2020 softwood wood
import increased by 49% in volume and 78% in value.

In the first 9 months of 2021 softwood wood imports were
reported at 1,132 million cu.m, worth US$267.3 million,
up 83% in volume and 104% in value over the same
period in 2020.

In September 2021, the Covid-19 epidemic continued to
be complicated across the country and greatly affected the
production and business operation of all enterprises.

Following 15 months of continued increase the exports of
rattan, bamboo and other types of NTFPs in September
2021 declined to US$50 million, down 9% compared to
the same period in 2020.

In the first 9 months of 2021 exports of all NTFPs were
valued at US$631.6 million, up 50% over the same period
in 2020.

Exports to Japan falling for the second month
In September 2021 Vietnam’s exports of W&WP to the
Japanese market were valued at US$90 million, down 17%
compared to September 020.

In the first 9 months of 2021 W&WP export to Japan
totalled at US$1.02 billion, an increase of 10% over the
same period in 2020. Due to the Covid-19 control
measures in Vietnam W&WP exports to Japan declined in
August and September. However, a recovery of trade is
anticipated in the last quarter of the year as the
Vietnamese government eases control measures.

In the first 8 months of 2021 of the W&WP exports to
Japan wooden furniture was the main item valued at
US$341 million, up 1% over the same period in 2020.

Guest-room and dining-room furniture topped exports
with the revenue of US$928 million, up 7% over the same
period in 2020 followed by wooden-frame seats (US$81
million, up 7%) and bedroom furniture (US$64 million,
down 16%).

After wooden furniture were woodchip exports valued
US$ 325 million, up 26% over the same period in 2020.
Joinery panels and floorings, as the third WP group
contributed US$117.3 million, up 27%.

Price of imported softwood wood
The average price of imported sawn softwood in the first 8
months of 2021 was US$264/cu.m, up 10.4% over the
same period in 2020.

In particular, the price of sawn softwood imported from
Brazil increased by 21% to US$248/cu.m; from Chile by
23% to US$273/cu.m; from New Zealand by 23% to
US$95.4/cu.m; from the EU by 24% to US$263/cu.m.

In the first 8 months of 2021, Vietnam imported 794,000
cu.m of sawn softwood worth US$210 million, up 65.6%
in volume and 97.5% in value over the same period in

Imports of softwood logs were reported at 212,400 cu.m,
worth US$23.5 million, up 278% in volume and 252% in
value over the same period in 2020. The average price of
softwood logs imported into Vietnam was US$110.8/cu.m.


  Companies commit to fighting climate change
The Brazilian Business Council for Sustainable
Development (CEBDS) presented the Ministry of
Economy a document titled ‘Entrepreneurs for the
Climate’ which was signed by over 100 private sector
entities in which they defend a low carbon economy and
take responsibility for implementing change.

At the time the document was delivered the business
community highlighted the opportunities generated from a
sustainable business model such as job and income
generation and how the action by the private sector is
essential for the country to achieve its goal of reducing
greenhouse gas emissions.

The CEBDS brings together around 80 of the country's
largest business groups responsible for 47% of the
Brazilian GDP and 1.1 million jobs. Thirteen of the fifteen
largest companies by market value in the country are
members of CEBDS.

In related news, a study ‘Opportunities for Brazil in
Carbon Markets’, produced by the Brazil International
Chamber of Commerce (ICC) shows that the carbon
market has a potential to generate revenues of up to
US$100 billion by 2030 as well as creation of employment

Floresta+ programme now includes bioeconomy
The Floresta+ Program has a new feature, Foresta+
Bioeconomy aimed at payments for the provision of
environmental services by those who preserve the
environment. The idea of this new programme is to raise
awareness among buyers of extractive products of the
contribution that these workers make to the preservation of

The Forest+ Program has among its objectives:
 Recognition of the direct contribution of
sustainable forest management activities, whether
timber or non-timber, for the protection of forests
 The creation of commercial arrangements and
encouragement of innovation to highlight,
recognize and remunerate the environmental
services performed by those who work in forest
 Encouraging timber and non-timber forest
production from natural forests in Brazil,
fostering innovation, structuring and development
of this chain through Payment for Environmental
 Encouraging remuneration for monitoring,
conservation and recovery activities of natural
vegetation, enabling the guarantee of income,
generating stability and incentives for the
maintenance of forest areas
 Business actions that have the potential to
enhance the market for payments for
environmental services.

Furniture exports
In August 2021 the furniture sector in Brazil exported
more than US$75 million (FOB). This represented an
increase of over 30% when compared to August 2020.
This success demonstrates the consistent performance of
the furniture sector and shows Brazilian products are
gaining market share in international markets. Wooden
furniture accounted for most of the exports and was worth
US$63 million.

The main export market for Brazilian made wooden
furniture is the United States which accounted for over a
third of exports followed by Chile at 15%.

Timber industries resume shipments from Port of Vila
do Conde

The refusal by wood product exporters to ship through the
Vila do Conde Port in Barcarena a municipality in the
state of Pará which is one of the largest tropical timber
exporting states in Brazil was recently lifted.

This decision was made after commitments by the Port
authorities to streamline and reorganise the system for
processing export documents so as to avoid unnecessary
delays. Unfortunately it has been estimated that it will take
around three months to clear the backlog of export

The refusal to use the Port by the timber sector was called
not only because of the delays in issuing export
authorisations but also because of the lack of an efficient
inspection service, excessive bureaucracy, high customs
fees and because IBAMA did not have a presence at the
Port .

IBAMA has informed that the problem in issuing export
authorisations was due to the decision of the Federal
Supreme Court (STF) which was issued without a deadline
for IBAMA to adapt to the regulatory effects of the
judicial measure and that this led to the disruption in
document processing. IBAMA has been discussing with
the exporters the consequences of the court decision that
increased the demand for documents for export procedures
of timber from natural forests.


  ‘Yacu Kallpa’ case concluded
In late September Peruvian prosecutors filed charges in
the Yacu Kallpa case named after the ship that carried
illegally harvested wood from the forests of Iquitos to
Houston, Texas.

Charges were brought against 14 people in export
companies, 38 logging concession owners and 41 former
Peruvian officials. They have been charged with crimes
that include the illegal granting of rights and illegal timber


Exports higher but not yet at 2019 levels
Wood product exports reached US$77 million in the first
eight months of this year a figure that indicates a growth
of almost 40% compared to the same period in 2020
(US$50 million) however, export earnings have not yet
reached the same level as seen in 2019 (US$80 million).

This was reported by the Association of Exporters
(ADEX) who pointed out that demand was highest for
semi-manufactured products (US$47.5 million),
highlighting mouldings, slats and friezes for unassembled
parquet and other profiled products.

Exports of sawnwood (US$18.8 million), construction
products (US$4.5 million), furniture and parts (US$2.7
million), veneer and plywood (US$1.7 million),
manufactured products (US$0.8 million) were also

The main destination was China, with a 31% share,
followed by France (17%) and the United States (12%).
Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Denmark, Belgium,
Vietnam, New Zealand and Ecuador complete the top ten.

Remote monitoring project
It has become a challenge to ensure the monitoring of
forests in Peru while complying with social distancing.
Since March the US Forest Service has been providing
technical assistance to OSINFOR (Agency for Supervision
of Forest Resources and Wildlife) for the design and
implementation of a remote forest monitoring system.

This initiative has also involved the World Resources
Institute (WRI) and the University of Sheffield to test in
Peru an algorithm to detect and monitor selective logging
activities in the rainforest using satellite imagery.

Recently the university refined and adapted its algorithm
for Peru and training sessions will be held in October for
OSINFOR staff to use it.

As part of the preparatory activities OSINFOR held a
workshop to identify and generate consensus around the
technical and institutional support requirements required
to use remote sensing technologies in the supervision
processes for qualifying titles.

The main objective of the workshop was to strengthen
capacities for the development of the project roadmap,
optimise institutional performance and ensure the financial
sustainability of this initiative.

Peru to be one of fastest-growing economies in Latin

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has forecast
Peru's GDP growth will be 10% this year making Peru one
of the fastest-growing economies in Latin America. This
growth, says the IMF will be because of higher prices for
metal exports.

According to its latest World Economic Outlook, Latin
America's economic growth for this year will be 6.3%,
half a point above what was considered in July (5.9%),
mainly due to the good performance of the commodity
export sector.

Vaccination roll-out up-date
The Ministry of Health has reported that 46% of the target
population for COVID-19 vaccination in Peru has received
the two doses that prevent severe cases. As of early
October 29,761,806 doses have been administered in Peru.
Out of that total, 16,870,122 were administered to first
dose recipients, while 12,891,684 as second shots.






Source:ITTO'  Tropical Timber Market Report

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